Selected Families and Individuals



1.  Shortly after his marriage, John and his wife moved to Caln Twp, Chester County, Pennsylvania and settled north of the present day Downingtown.  There John provided ground for a meeting house.

2.  In 1731, John and his wife and their family moved to Earl Township in Lancaster County.  There they made their residence until 1747 when they moved to Berkeley County, West Virginia.

3.  John was an ambitious businessman but sometimes delinquent in meeting his financial obligatgions.


1.  In 1743, Mary was disunited from the Sadsbury, Pennsylvania Quakers because of her marriage by a magistrate.


1.  John's home lay along a trail running down from North Mountain, the direct route from French Ohio.  

2.  In the mid 1750's he built a blockhouse next to his family house.

3.  Indian raiders often tried to burn out defended places made of logs but John knew how to build out of stone.  His blockhouse was a story and a half tall, with upper and lower rows of loopholes.   The openings were angled sharply inward, so that a musket could easily swivel right and left, but only a lucky hot could make it through the slit from the outside.  Round beams supported a fight platform from which the defenders fired while down on one knee out of the top slits.   Defenders along the bottom would fire standing up.  In all, a dozen musketmen could shoot at once from the 16 fot squre room.
    With extra muskets, family members standing in the middle could pour powder and work ram rods so that the defendes could keep up a steadfy barrage.  The crowded, windowless enclosure, full of powder smoke, was suffocating, but, on the wartime frontier, the blockhouse was the difference between complete vulnerability and fight chance.  
     The fort was probably constructed in 1754, on land then in Frederick County, Virginia, consisting of 76 acrews which John had acquired from thomas Lord Fairfax on 21 Dec 1751, the property being on TTuscarora Run.  
     On 20 Dec 1751 John had purchased from Fairfax, land consisting of 303 acres situated on the south side of Chestnut Ridge.  Several years later on 9 May 1764 the proprietor deeded to John an additonal 60 acres located on the south side of North Mountain.  The Fort was located west of Martinsburg in what is now Berkely County, West Vireginia.
    John's fort was originally built as a private fort, but in George Washington's words, it was "much exposed to the incursions of the enemy" and as a consequence, militia were posted there from time to time.  
     On 17 May 1756 a captain, one lieutenant, two non-commissioned officers and 40 privates from Caroline County were posted there.  In Jun 1757, Captain Nicholas Minor and his company of militia were ordered to the fort where a part of his men was to remain, the balance to help garrison Fort Patterson.  
     In addition to his fort, John owned and operated a gristmill on his property along Tuscarora Creek.  Flour and meal ground at this mill helped feed the troops stationed at the various forts in its locality.  
     On 14 May 1761, two years after he had retired from the army, George Washington visited John's mill to attend a wedding.  At the time, he was a candidate for the House of Burgesses from Frederick County.  On one occasion a Quaker minister, Joshua Brown, was appointed to visit the Quaker Meetings in the northern neck of Virginia.  He rode horseback north with others planning to spend the night at John's home.  Upon arrival they found soldiers from George Washington's army on guard around the home as well as the fort.  They had erected an enclosure around the fort which included the home.  The soldiers who were gathered there were drinking and behaving very rudely and wickedly.  Joshua and his company did not like the situation but it was either sleep there or out in the woods.   They chose to stay there but they could not sleep.  The next morning they called John and his wife outdoors and had some harsh things to say to them.  They then left John's and continued their trip.
     In John's will, probated 6 Aug 1771 in Berkeley County, West Virginia, the settlement fort site and mill with house and orchard are bequeathed to his son James.  The bequests that he makes to his wife, Martha, are for her to have "as long as the sun shines and water runs and wood grows".



1.  Occupation:   Carpenter

Mordecai MENDENHALL "Sr"

1.  Mordecai moved to Frederick County, Virginia in Sep 1736 after marrhing Charity Beeson.

2.  In 1751 they moved to New Garden, North Carolina, then to Deep River, and finally to Springfield.

3.  He acquired hundred of acres of land along Deep River.  

4.  During the Revolutionary War, Mordecai furnished quarters, food and horses for the American Army and his home was used as a temporary hospital for the wounded.  

5.  On one occasion Mordecai earned the displeasure of the Quakers when he used abusive and unbecoming language to a fellow Quaker after the conclusion of a religious meeting.  Mordecai subsequently apologized to the Quakers and his apology was accepted.

6:  Mordecai left the following will:

    I, Mordecai Mendenhall, of Guilford County and state of North Carolina being in sound in mind and memory do make this my last will and testament in the manner and ofrm following:
    I lend unto my loving wife Charity Mendenhall the plantation that I now live on during her life also my personal estate except what I hereafter order otherwise.
    I give unto my son Richard Mendenhall, heirs five shillings.  
     I give unto my son, Thomas Mendenhall, heirs five shillings.
    I give unto my daughter, Charity Mills, five shillings.
    I give unto my son, Isaac Mendenhall, the plantation that I now live on containing three hundred and thirty two acres at the decease of my wife to him, his heirs and assigns forever.
    I give unto my son, Isaac my smith tools.
    I give my money and notes of hand unto my four sons Moses, Stephen, Mordecai and Isaac Mendenhall and at the decease of their mother all the remainder of my personal estate to be equally divided amongst them.
    I do hereby appoint my sons, Stephen and Isaac Mendenhall, excutors to this my last will and testament.
     Ratifying this to be my last will and testament in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this night day of the first month in the yer of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninty six.
                          Mordecai Mendenhall (signed and sealed)


1.  Maris never married